Enders Analysis provides a subscription research service covering the media, entertainment, mobile and fixed telecommunications industries in Europe, with a special focus on new technologies and media.

Our research is independent and evidence-based, covering all sides of the market: consumers, leading companies, industry trends, forecasts and public policy & regulation. A complete list of our research can be found here.


Rigorous Fearless Independent

Starlink’s compelling consumer broadband proposition has become the clear front runner in the satellite space, with an attractive cost to serve the 100k UK homes in very hard to reach areas relative to fibre alternatives

The latest developments allow full mobile coverage via satellite with existing handsets, a service the mobile operators could charge a premium for, and which might ultimately take pressure off mobile network coverage

The threat of full substitution is extremely limited given the 50-100x cost differential involved, but Starlink could still launch a retail product as a part-MVNO, putting pressure on the mobile operators to launch satellite-assisted retail services first

Reddit, a unique and valuable online space, has reported its first quarterly results as a public company, following a very successful IPO.

In the longer term, Reddit is doomed to scratch out an unprofitable existence as a wannabe scale ad platform, echoing peers in the public markets.

Advertising is probably the least-bad business strategy, as user payments, ecommerce and licensing revenues are even less proven. Dialling back growth ambitions to improve the bottom line is the most sustainable path.

A drop in Studios' revenue—attributed to phasing of content deliveries and strikes— saw ITV's external revenue down 6% to £727 million in Q1. An improvement in advertising could not offset this drop but H2 will be better for production and see Studios flat for FY 2024 

After big launch momentum, the growth of ITVX appears to be slowing, while the service's release strategy continues to evolve

ITV’s total advertising revenue (TAR) was up 3% in Q1 to £432 million (2023: £419 million). H1 is forecast to be up 8%, with Q2 up 12%, buoyed by the Euros which start in June

In-contract price increases have been the worst of all worlds—reputationally damaging for telecoms operators but contributing (temporary) revenue growth of just half the rate of inflation. We expect the revenue boost from in-contract price increases of 5% last year to become a 2% drag from Q2 2024.

Cost inflation is, however, cumulative with an acceleration in the gulf between costs and revenues forecast from here. We expect muted financial guidance for 2024/25 from BT Consumer and Vodafone UK over the coming weeks.

Rising new-customer pricing is a necessity if margins are not to be significantly squeezed, but competitive intensity and scale economics continue to thwart such efforts, with no real resolution in sight.

There were no flashy announcements this quarter as Disney highlighted its streaming business—the Entertainment component reaching profitability—with its turnaround offsetting the decline in the embattled Linear segment

In a reasonably stagnant UK SVOD market, Disney+ continues to grow household reach and engagement across almost all age demographics. One driver is its top content, which is more likely to be completed and rewatched than competitors'

Disney is searching for new technology leadership. Its current structure is segmented and depowered, requiring a single leader responsible for overarching technology direction to best combat streaming costs and reach platform scale efficiency

VMO2 had a tough start to a tough year in Q1, with revenue growth dipping to -4% and EBITDA to -2%, and both fixed subscriber and contract mobile subscriber net adds negative.

Trends are unlikely to improve in the short term, with the fixed side suffering from full fibre overbuild and the mobile side struggling to replace its formerly unique Custom Plan offers.

There are however longer term upsides on fixed in particular, with network and service upgrades bringing sub-brand and wholesaling opportunities, and the company is striving to get the magic back on mobile.

Baby Reindeer could well herald the start of a new era of performers mining their own trauma for dramatic content, maybe without the proper support they need to do so, in a bid to differentiate themselves from the volume of shows already out there. “The volume of true crime surely asks for that,” says Tom Harrington, Head of Television at Enders Analysis. “With the coming of the streamers, every crime that’s happened has a documentary now and it’s sort of like… I guess you have to stand out.”

“Broadcast news in the UK is very expensive to do,” says Gill Hind, head of TV at media analysts Enders Analysis. “Even if you have economies of scale and pool resources abroad as some outlets do, it’s really expensive to get content up and running.”

“Not surprisingly, if you’re an advertiser, a lot of the time you don’t want your company or product to appear in the news environment,” says Enders’ Hind. “And you can understand why you might night want your brand to appear immediately before or after something that happens in Ukraine, for example.

“This means that the income you get for the news programme if you’re ITV, or news channel if you’re Sky, is a lot less per viewer delivered than it would be for lighter, entertainment programmes.”