Enders Analysis provides a subscription research service covering the media, entertainment, mobile and fixed telecommunications industries in Europe, with a special focus on new technologies and media.

Our research is independent and evidence-based, covering all sides of the market: consumers, leading companies, industry trends, forecasts and public policy & regulation. A complete list of our research can be found here.


Rigorous Fearless Independent

A drop in Studios' revenue—attributed to phasing of content deliveries and strikes— saw ITV's external revenue down 6% to £727 million in Q1. An improvement in advertising could not offset this drop but H2 will be better for production and see Studios flat for FY 2024 

After big launch momentum, the growth of ITVX appears to be slowing, while the service's release strategy continues to evolve

ITV’s total advertising revenue (TAR) was up 3% in Q1 to £432 million (2023: £419 million). H1 is forecast to be up 8%, with Q2 up 12%, buoyed by the Euros which start in June

In-contract price increases have been the worst of all worlds—reputationally damaging for telecoms operators but contributing (temporary) revenue growth of just half the rate of inflation. We expect the revenue boost from in-contract price increases of 5% last year to become a 2% drag from Q2 2024.

Cost inflation is, however, cumulative with an acceleration in the gulf between costs and revenues forecast from here. We expect muted financial guidance for 2024/25 from BT Consumer and Vodafone UK over the coming weeks.

Rising new-customer pricing is a necessity if margins are not to be significantly squeezed, but competitive intensity and scale economics continue to thwart such efforts, with no real resolution in sight.

There were no flashy announcements this quarter as Disney highlighted its streaming business—the Entertainment component reaching profitability—with its turnaround offsetting the decline in the embattled Linear segment

In a reasonably stagnant UK SVOD market, Disney+ continues to grow household reach and engagement across almost all age demographics. One driver is its top content, which is more likely to be completed and rewatched than competitors'

Disney is searching for new technology leadership. Its current structure is segmented and depowered, requiring a single leader responsible for overarching technology direction to best combat streaming costs and reach platform scale efficiency

VMO2 had a tough start to a tough year in Q1, with revenue growth dipping to -4% and EBITDA to -2%, and both fixed subscriber and contract mobile subscriber net adds negative.

Trends are unlikely to improve in the short term, with the fixed side suffering from full fibre overbuild and the mobile side struggling to replace its formerly unique Custom Plan offers.

There are however longer term upsides on fixed in particular, with network and service upgrades bringing sub-brand and wholesaling opportunities, and the company is striving to get the magic back on mobile.

Baby Reindeer could well herald the start of a new era of performers mining their own trauma for dramatic content, maybe without the proper support they need to do so, in a bid to differentiate themselves from the volume of shows already out there. “The volume of true crime surely asks for that,” says Tom Harrington, Head of Television at Enders Analysis. “With the coming of the streamers, every crime that’s happened has a documentary now and it’s sort of like… I guess you have to stand out.”

“Broadcast news in the UK is very expensive to do,” says Gill Hind, head of TV at media analysts Enders Analysis. “Even if you have economies of scale and pool resources abroad as some outlets do, it’s really expensive to get content up and running.”

“Not surprisingly, if you’re an advertiser, a lot of the time you don’t want your company or product to appear in the news environment,” says Enders’ Hind. “And you can understand why you might night want your brand to appear immediately before or after something that happens in Ukraine, for example.

“This means that the income you get for the news programme if you’re ITV, or news channel if you’re Sky, is a lot less per viewer delivered than it would be for lighter, entertainment programmes.”

Niamh Burns, a senior analyst at Enders Analysis, argues that OpenAI and the FT share enough incentives to sign a deal, but publishers and tech companies bring different perspectives to the negotiating table.

“Publishers say using their content to train LLMs is against their terms of use and that licensing is essential. OpenAI says it doesn’t breach copyright, and frames deals as voluntary support of the journalism sector,” she says.

“Licensing is still a grey area, but these early deals are setting some precedents. The problem for publishers is we have no idea what AI products will look like in a year’s time. They might not even know what to ask for.”

RedBird IMI will sell its claim to own the Telegraph Media Group (TMG) due to the public interest test it was set to fail, with the Spectator also back on the block

TMG surpassed a declared goal of 1 million subscribers by the end of 2023, motivating our forecast of 4% revenue growth for FY2023 to reach £265 million

The buyer of the Telegraph is likely to face an intervention on public interest grounds from the Secretary of State—a hurdle that could dissuade many bidders

Niamh Burns, a senior analyst at Enders Analysis, said an agreement was bound to be reached ultimately because the presence of UMG content on the platform suited both sides.

“TikTok’s content is way more engaging when it comes with a good music catalogue,” she said. “On the other side, the promotional benefits to UMG and its artists of being on TikTok are clear. You can see that in how Taylor Swift decided unilaterally to return to the platform before her new album was released.”