Changing PSB funding models: precedents and outcomes

24 June 2024

Recently many countries, particularly in Europe, have moved away from funding their public service broadcasters via a licence fee.

Three main models have been adopted in its place: a state grant system, a ring-fenced income tax, and a premises levy—nowhere has chosen to fund PSBs solely by subscription or advertising.

Outcomes vary: Germany shows that a successful transition relies on years of deliberation and consensus, whilst Italy and France underline the perils of insecure funding arrangements.

Recent reports